Yasna 28.1, Ahunavaita Gatha (Bodleian MS J2)

Yasna 28.1, Ahunavaita Gatha (Bodleian MS J2)


Sacred Writings

The earliest surviving Zoroastrian writings are the Avestas which include 17 Gathas – hymns attributed to Zarathushtra himself. These are less texts about God than texts addressed to God. Much teaching was transmitted orally, and is now lost. Only in the Second Persian Empire from 224 CE onwards were texts collected and codified, and an alphabet developed to transcribe the language of the Avestas.

The Pahlavi texts are a later composition. These contain extensive quotations and paraphrases from lost Avesta texts.


The Chaplaincy to the University of Glamorgan provides the following information from its own researchers. Each page has been checked by the chaplaincy advisor from the relevant faith group. Within every major religion, there are differences of opinion between leaders, and between leaders and followers. We only aim to provide an overview.