Principal Beliefs

Most Hindus accept the working of karma, a cosmic law of cause and effect. The same individual soul can be born into the world many times, each life inheriting the consequences of good and bad actions of the previous life. By practising disciplines such as yoga, and by good deeds in this life, a person can be freed from the cycle of rebirth and be united forever with Brahman, the divine spirit.

Brahman is understood as the source of all gods, an all-pervading divine being associated with human consciousness. Part of a person’s spiritual growth is to discover this Supreme Being residing within one’s own heart, and then to appreciate how this Being is a true person. Hindus recognise many named gods, though they are all understood as manifestations of one divine being. Most Hindus will worship one of Brahmā , Vishnu, or Shiva as the highest deity in their own system of devotion. The caste system, of segregated roles for different population groups, has historically been part of Hinduism. It has been defended as a necessary way of living out one’s karma.


The Chaplaincy to the University of Glamorgan provides the following information from its own researchers. Each page has been checked by the chaplaincy advisor from the relevant faith group. Within every major religion, there are differences of opinion between leaders, and between leaders and followers. We only aim to provide an overview.