Origins & History

“Hinduism” is simply a name for the religious tradition of India. Of all the major world religious, Hinduism is the most diverse, simply because it consists of the growth of traditions over five thousand years with no central authority figure or dominant holy book.

Archaeologists have found ritual baths and fertility symbols in the Indus Valley which suggest continuity between the religion practised there in 3000 BCE and Hinduism today. Many scholars accept that the original Indus Valley religion was significantly influenced by the Aryan peoples who settled in North-West India during the second millennium before the Christian era.

Significant Hindu immigration to the UK occurred after Indian independence in 1947. The 2001 Census recorded 559,000 self-identifying Hindus in the UK. Of these, 5,439 lived in Wales.


The Chaplaincy to the University of Glamorgan provides the following information from its own researchers. Each page has been checked by the chaplaincy advisor from the relevant faith group. Within every major religion, there are differences of opinion between leaders, and between leaders and followers. We only aim to provide an overview.